墨尔本留学移民 获澳洲永居后能享受怎样的福利政策

永久居留签证除了可以让你永远居住在澳大利亚,并可以在5年时间内自由、无限次地往返于澳大利亚。同时,澳大利亚永久居留签证持有者可以自由地到新西兰定居,享有新西兰绿卡的所有权利。

永久居留签证的优势:

新的永久居留签证持有者在最初2年内不得申请失业救济、紧急综合救济和学生津贴,其他福利都一样,如免费中小学教育、学生贷款、免费医疗等。在获得澳洲PR的2年后,就可以享受所有澳大利亚福利。
 
另外,您的孩子也有惊喜福利。如果父母双方有一方是澳大利亚的PR,如孩子在澳大利亚出生,那么孩子生下来就是澳大利亚公民;如孩子在中国出生,那么孩子就是中国公民。
澳洲永久公民的福利政策详解
澳大利亚于1910年开始建立社会保障体系,是世界上实行社会福利制度最早、社会福利最好的国家之一。新移民抵达澳大利亚后,马上可以享受免费医疗保健及家长津贴等福利。澳大利亚社会保障津贴种类齐全,主要有以下形式:
1.养老金
澳大利亚享受养老金的男子需65岁以上,女子60岁以上。领取者的妻子即使本人无资格享受养老金也可领到养老金。能否领取养老金或领取多少,将根据有关人收入、资产而定,并要满足居住条件的要求。年金与通货膨胀率挂钩,每两年调整一次。凡领取养老金者可以得到优惠的医疗药品和其他卫生保健待遇。政府对享受养老金者提供的其他优惠包括减收交通费、地方税、电费和汽车注册费等。
2.家庭子女补助金
凡养育一个或一个以上子女的人可以得到补贴,但取得这笔补贴必须经过对家庭收入和财产情况的调查。家庭补贴通常每两个星期发一次,交给主要监护人,一般都是交给孩子的母亲。孩子助养费的领取根据一个有孩子的家庭年收入情况而定。
3.残疾人和病人救济金
因伤残而领取抚恤金的人和因患病而领取临时补贴的人,接受康复治疗和培训,父母或监护人因孩子身体、智力或心理伤残而需要在家里得到护理和照顾的可以领取残疾人和病人救济金。已经就业或者正在接受培训但是不能使用公共交通工具的伤残者可以领取交通费补贴;长期在家照顾严重伤残的养老金领取者或领取其他补助者的人可以得到护理者补贴。
4.失业救济金
对于正在寻找职业的失业者或为寻找工作机会正在接受教育、培训或安置的失业者,为使其能得到足够的收入,以维持他们自己和家属的生活所发放的补贴,有”寻找工作补贴”和”重新开始津贴”等;失业救济金额度目前为每人每两周约410澳元。新移民在抵达澳大利亚两年后才有资格申领。
5.孕妇补助金
居住在澳大利亚,且孩子在澳大利亚出生的孕妇,可以申请孕妇补助金。如在前往澳大利亚定居途中孩子生在船上的产妇,以及在澳居住一年以上的外籍孕妇,也能享受此种补助。每分娩一个孩子时,可得到一次性分娩津贴。
6.免费教育
澳大利亚实行从小学到高中12年的免费义务教育,凡是澳籍的公民、取得绿卡的移民、取得临时居留权的新移民都可以享受这一待遇。
7.医疗保健
国民保健(Medicare)是澳大利亚国家健康保险计划,新移民可以即时享有大多数免费医疗服务,国民保健病患者也可享有免费公立医院的治疗。国家将会为病人支付:看医生的费用、在公立医院手术、住院(包括药品和饮食)的费用,通常情况下,开业医生和医院与政府实行统一结账,病人只需刷卡而不需要付费。国家虽不会为病人支付买药的费用,但政府通过“医药补贴计划”对许多医药处方给予补贴。

除以上几点外,还有学习津贴、边远地区津贴、看护津贴、配偶津贴、电话津贴、房租津贴、交通津贴、托儿津贴等,但大多数新移民要等两年才有资格申领部分社会保险补贴,其中包括失业救济金和学习津贴。新移民抵达澳大利亚后即可享受的福利包括医药津贴、孩子助养费、特别救济金、大学奖学金和学费免息贷款的偿还等项。

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