墨尔本移民留学 海外人士持临时退休签证,未来是否有望获得永居身份?环球通

澳洲良好的福利政策和优越的薪资水平无疑是促使许多海外人士选择澳洲移民,或者获得澳洲永久居住权的主要动因。常见的移民途径除通过持有工作及留学签证,并满足申请永久居民身份(PR)所需的条件外,数以千计的持有临时退休签证的海外人士也希望借以获得永久居民身份。然而此法是否可行,本文将对此进行介绍与综述。

退休签证(Retirement Visa)子类别410, 目前不属于申报澳洲永居权的签证类别。 据悉,目前持有该类别签证,并居于澳洲的人口约三千人。其中超过半数的临时居民,通过发起群众组织等形式要求澳政府赋予他们永居权。
该组织以汉弗莱斯(David Humphries)为首的领导力量认为,持有临时退休签证的居民中,不乏为澳洲和当地社区作出杰出贡献的人士。随着这些居民的年龄日益增长,其社会竞争能力在急速衰退。据悉,这些签证持有者大多超过64周岁,其中甚至有年逾八九十岁的老者,从伦理层面进行审视,这些老者应当获得一份身份的肯定,来表明国家对其作出的贡献的尊重与回报。
尽管时任移民部长伊万斯(Chris Evans) 在2008年议会上表态:希望居住在澳洲的合法居民可以有获得永久居民身份的途径;同年,移民部长艾莉森(Chris Ellison)也提出希望政府通过持有410签证的海外人士获得永久居民身份的情愿。
然而时隔七年后的今天,该议案仍然停留在书面谈判的范畴,并未付诸实际行动。因此,尽管政客们曾表明对于这些410签证持有者来说备受鼓舞的立场,然而对于议案停滞不前的态度也逐渐令这些年迈的弱势群体担忧不已。
汉弗莱斯认为,澳政府应当考虑综述情况,赋予持有410签证并在澳洲居住超过十年的居民永久居民的身份。然而目前的矛盾症结,可能依然集中在政府就健康医疗成本的考量上。一旦政府通过允许符合条件的410签证持有者永居权,额外的医疗费用支出将成为政府财政的阻力。毕竟目前大多数的410签证持有者并不享有免费医疗的权益。

就此,汉弗莱斯表示,政府不应一叶障目,可通过税收形式看见通过这一议案的优势。目前澳政府规定,持有临时退休前正的海外人士无需就其海外收入向政府缴税。然而当他们正是获取永久居民身份,澳政府将有权征收居民的海外收入所得税。
究竟这场逾时七年之久的议案是否可以通过,目前仍无定论。然而就目前情势来看,呼吁410签证持有者获得永久居民身份,不仅获得了来自民间力量的支持,同时也具备较为有力的论据支持,并受到社会伦理的积极影响。
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