墨尔本留学移民 移民趋势逆转 常见澳洲移民方式大盘点

澳大利亚是全球最关注社会福利的国家,也是社会保障体系最好的国家之一。而且澳大利亚环境优美,与大海相伴,气候适宜,物产也非常的丰富,十分适合移民到这里居住生活。环球通留学移民来盘点常见的澳洲移民的主要途径:
一、澳洲技术移民
技术移民应该是大家比较熟知的澳洲移民方式。它是根据申请人自身的学历,年龄,职业,工作经验,英语水平等基本条件累计加分。如果你的累计加分达到了移民局规定的通过分数线,那就意味着你基本满足了移民条件。除此之外,你还需要通过体检测试,同时你提供的材料要能够通过移民局的核查,如果这些你都满足的话,那么恭喜你,你可以移民到澳大利亚了。
在技术移民的类别中,如果申请人自身条件达不到分数线,那么你可以通过其它方面补充加分。例如,申请人配偶加分,州政府担保加分等。
技术移民的特点是:主要凭借申请人的自身条件来申请,相对独立。符合条件的申请人大部分是专业技术人士,或有一定英语基础的技术工人。
技术移民的几大主要步骤为:雅思考试,职业评估,签证申请。技术移民签证主要有189,190,489类签证。
二、雇主担保移民
雇主担保移民是移民澳洲中速度较快的移民方式。这类签证需要有澳洲雇主做担保。雇主首先提名职位,获得移民局批准后,被担保人,即申请人,才可以向移民局提出签证申请。一般情况下,如果申请人体检和背景调查没有问题,那么签证速度就会很快。目前的速度是6-8个月即可获批。

雇主担保类移民签证主要有186,187,475签证。其中457是雇主担保工作签证,按要求工作2年后,可以由雇主担保申请永居签证。

相比技术移民,雇主担保移民需要有能够提供担保的雇主。对于申请人的技术背景和英语也有同技术移民类似的要求。只是雇主担保移民有机会申请职业评估和雅思成绩的豁免。其中高薪职位的豁免机会相对较大。

相比技术移民,雇主移民的优势在于审理速度快。相比澳洲商业移民,雇主担保移民无需资金审核,无需商业投资,无须签证面试。

雇主担保移民的适合人群为:高薪职位——包括私营企业家、企业高管、高级顾问,如公司董事长、总经理、财务总监、总工程师等职位;低薪职位——包括专业技术人才、技术工人,如IT技术人才、工程师、会计师、电工、厨师、美发师等。

三、澳洲商业移民
商业移民,顾名思义,与经商行为相关。适合申请此类移民的群体主要包括企业主,企业股东,投资管理者。我们经常提到澳洲投资移民实际上是商业移民中的一种。

商业移民分为188a类,188b类,188c类,132类签证。分别适用于企业主,企业股东,投资管理者,重大(项目)投资者和商业天才。

商业移民的不同类别签证,分别对申请人及配偶的个人及家庭净资产,公司营业额,申请人及配偶所持股份都有相应不同的要求。188类签证是临时商业移民签证。到澳洲后,按要求创业或投资,2年后可以转成永久居民签证。132类是一步到位的永居签证。

商业移民的申请人主要为企业主、企业股东或投资管理者。移民局重点对申请人的收入来源,经商经历和纳税记录进行评估审核,必要时会邀请申请人参加面试,面对面地了解申请人的商业和投资背景。

对于国内的申请人来说,澳洲商业移民关于净资产和营业额的门槛其实并不高。它的主要难点在于合理的资金来源说明以及纳税记录的说明,这也是移民局审理的重点。

提交申请时,你需要对你的背景做全面细致的阐述,并出示强有力的支持证据。只要确实符合条件,证据充分,阐述合理,获得商业移民签证是顺理成章的事情。
四、澳洲配偶移民
澳洲配偶移民实际上是家庭团聚移民中的一个类别,也是家庭团聚移民中,申请人数较多的类别。配偶移民又分为已婚和未婚两种。已婚配偶移民,又称婚姻移民。未婚配偶移民,又称未婚夫妻临时签证。婚姻移民,一般需要分2个阶段完成。首先你需要拿到一个临时签证,2年后,如果担保人和被保人的关系仍然持续且真实,则可以转为永久居民签证。
未婚夫妻移民,通常分3个阶段。第一阶段,先拿9个月的临时签证,即未婚夫妻临时签证。第二阶段,到澳洲结婚后,转成2年的临时签证,即婚姻移民的第一个阶段。第三阶段,也就是婚姻移民的第二个阶段,2年后,如果担保人和被保人的关系仍然持续且真实,则可以转为永久居民签证。在一些特殊的情况下,配偶移民可以直接申请永居签证。如两人交往时间较长,或已经有了共同的孩子。
配偶移民审理的重点在于担保人和被担保的关系真实性,持续性。担保人,即申请人的配偶,或未婚夫妻。被担保人,就是申请人。必要时,移民局会要求申请人和担保人到移民局参加面试,进一步核实双方关系的真实性。如果签证申请时提交的材料证据充分,阐述合理,足以让移民局信服,也可以直接获得签证。一般情况下,只要申请人和担保人的关系确实是真实的,材料准备充分, 都是有机会获得签证的。如果是由于材料准备不合理导致拒签的,仍然有机会再次申请,获得签证。配偶移民也是审理速度相对较快的移民类别。

除了配偶移民,家庭团聚移民中,还包括子女移民,父母移民和其它家庭移民。而其它家庭移民包括了年老亲属移民、仅存家属移民和照顾移民。近年来,家庭团聚移民的政策变化较大,申请时应以移民局当时的政策为准。
环球通留学移民专业办理移民20余年,如果您对移民澳洲感兴趣,欢迎咨询环球通,我们的移民顾问将为您进行最详尽的解答!
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